Quasi-phonemic contrast and the fuzzy inventory: examples from Scottish English

@inproceedings{Scobbie2008QuasiphonemicCA,
  title={Quasi-phonemic contrast and the fuzzy inventory: examples from Scottish English},
  author={James M. Scobbie and Jane Stuart-Smith},
  year={2008}
}
In this article we propose that contrast must be treated as a gradient phenomenon at the phonological level, with membership of a phonemic inventory being a matter of degree. This is because, though minimal pairs provide simple and strong evidence of contrast, things are not always so straightforward. Defining “minimal” is one challenge; as is determining which aspects of a contrast are distinctive and which redundant. Non-phonological information is sometimes a necessary consideration… 

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