# Quantum thermodynamics

@article{Vinjanampathy2016QuantumT, title={Quantum thermodynamics}, author={Sai Vinjanampathy and Janet Anders}, journal={Contemporary Physics}, year={2016}, volume={57}, pages={545 - 579} }

Quantum thermodynamics is an emerging research field aiming to extend standard thermodynamics and non-equilibrium statistical physics to ensembles of sizes well below the thermodynamic limit, in non-equilibrium situations and with the full inclusion of quantum effects. Fuelled by experimental advances and the potential of future nanoscale applications, this research effort is pursued by scientists with different backgrounds, including statistical physics, many-body theory, mesoscopic physics…

## 659 Citations

Quantum Thermodynamics

- Physics
- 2019

This book provides an introduction to the emerging field of quantum thermodynamics, with particular focus on its relation to quantum information and its implications for quantum computers and next…

Quantum thermodynamics and quantum coherence engines

- Physics
- 2020

Advantages of quantum effects in several technologies, such as computation and communication, have already been well appreciated, and some devices, such as quantum computers and communication links,…

Quantum thermodynamics under continuous monitoring: a general framework

- Physics
- 2021

The thermodynamics of quantum systems driven out of equilibrium has attracted increasing attention in last the decade, in connection with quantum information and statistical physics, and with a focus…

Introduction to Quantum Thermodynamics

- Physics
- 2019

The theory of quantum thermodynamics investigates how the concepts of heat, work, and temperature can be carried over to the quantum realm, where fluctuations and randomness are fundamentally…

Introduction to Quantum Thermodynamics (Lecture Notes)

- Physics
- 2019

The theory of quantum thermodynamics investigates how the concepts of heat, work, and temperature can be carried over to the quantum realm, where fluctuations and randomness are fundamentally…

Equilibration, thermalisation, and the emergence of statistical mechanics in closed quantum systems

- PhysicsReports on progress in physics. Physical Society
- 2016

This work reviews selected advances in the theoretical understanding of complex quantum many-body systems with regard to emergent notions of quantum statistical mechanics and elucidate the role played by key concepts, such as Lieb-Robinson bounds, entanglement growth, typicality arguments, quantum maximum entropy principles and the generalised Gibbs ensembles.

Fluctuating Work in Coherent Quantum Systems: Proposals and Limitations

- Physics
- 2018

One of the most important goals in quantum thermodynamics is to demonstrate advantages of themodynamic protocols over their classical counterparts. For that, it is necessary to (i) develop…

Introduction to Quantum Thermodynamics: History and Prospects

- Physics
- 2018

Quantum Thermodynamics is a continuous dialogue between two independent theories: Thermodynamics and Quantum Mechanics. Whenever the two theories have addressed the same phenomena new insight has…

Experimental Characterization of a Spin Quantum Heat Engine.

- PhysicsPhysical review letters
- 2019

A quantum heat engine based on a spin-1/2 system and nuclear magnetic resonance techniques is experimentally implemented, able to reach an efficiency for work extraction very close to its thermodynamic limit.

Universal approach to quantum thermodynamics in the strong coupling regime

- PhysicsPhysical Review B
- 2018

We present a protocol for the study of the dynamics and thermodynamics of quantum systems strongly coupled to a bath and subject to an external modulation. Our protocol quantifies the evolution of…

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Information processing tasks, the so-called projections, that can only be formulated within the framework of quantum mechanics are identified and it is shown that the physical realisation of such projections can come with a non-trivial thermodynamic work only for quantum states with coherences.

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It is found that there are fundamental limitations on work extraction from non-equilibrium states, owing to finite size effects and quantum coherences, which implies that thermodynamical transitions are generically irreversible at this scale.

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This article sets up a formalism to describe stochastic thermodynamics for driven out-of-equilibrium open quantum systems. A stochastic Schr\"odinger equation allows to construct quantum trajectories…

Quantum Thermodynamics: A Dynamical Viewpoint

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The emergence of the 0-law, I- law, II-law and III-law of thermodynamics from quantum considerations is presented and it is claimed that inconsistency is the result of faulty analysis, pointing to flaws in approximations.

Equilibration, thermalisation, and the emergence of statistical mechanics in closed quantum systems.

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- 2016

This work reviews selected advances in the theoretical understanding of complex quantum many-body systems with regard to emergent notions of quantum statistical mechanics and elucidate the role played by key concepts, such as Lieb-Robinson bounds, entanglement growth, typicality arguments, quantum maximum entropy principles and the generalised Gibbs ensembles.

Limits to catalysis in quantum thermodynamics

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Quantum thermodynamics is a research field that aims at fleshing out the ultimate limits of thermodynamic processes in the deep quantum regime. A complete picture of thermodynamical processes…

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This topical review article gives an overview of the interplay between quantum information theory and thermodynamics of quantum systems, including the foundations of statistical mechanics, resource theories, entanglement in thermodynamic settings, fluctuation theorems and thermal machines.

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Two fundamental ingredients play a decisive role in the foundation of fluctuation relations: the principle of microreversibility and the fact that thermal equilibrium is described by the Gibbs…