Quantum simulation of antiferromagnetic spin chains in an optical lattice

@article{Simon2011QuantumSO,
  title={Quantum simulation of antiferromagnetic spin chains in an optical lattice},
  author={Jonathan Simon and Waseem S. Bakr and Ruichao Ma and M. Eric Tai and Philipp M Preiss and Markus Greiner},
  journal={Nature},
  year={2011},
  volume={472},
  pages={307-312}
}
Understanding exotic forms of magnetism in quantum mechanical systems is a central goal of modern condensed matter physics, with implications for systems ranging from high-temperature superconductors to spintronic devices. Simulating magnetic materials in the vicinity of a quantum phase transition is computationally intractable on classical computers, owing to the extreme complexity arising from quantum entanglement between the constituent magnetic spins. Here we use a degenerate Bose gas of… 
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