Quantum levitation by left-handed metamaterials

@article{Leonhardt2007QuantumLB,
  title={Quantum levitation by left-handed metamaterials},
  author={U. Leonhardt and T. Philbin},
  journal={New Journal of Physics},
  year={2007},
  volume={9},
  pages={254-254}
}
Left-handed metamaterials make perfect lenses that image classical electromagnetic fields with significantly higher resolution than the diffraction limit. Here, we consider the quantum physics of such devices. We show that the Casimir force of two conducting plates may turn from attraction to repulsion if a perfect lens is sandwiched between them. For optical left-handed metamaterials, this repulsive force of the quantum vacuum may levitate ultra-thin mirrors. 

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