# Quantum heat engines and refrigerators: continuous devices.

@article{Kosloff2014QuantumHE, title={Quantum heat engines and refrigerators: continuous devices.}, author={Ronnie Kosloff and Amikam Levy}, journal={Annual review of physical chemistry}, year={2014}, volume={65}, pages={ 365-93 } }

Quantum thermodynamics supplies a consistent description of quantum heat engines and refrigerators up to a single few-level system coupled to the environment. Once the environment is split into three (a hot, cold, and work reservoir), a heat engine can operate. The device converts the positive gain into power, with the gain obtained from population inversion between the components of the device. Reversing the operation transforms the device into a quantum refrigerator. The quantum tricycle, a…

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