Quantum gases in optical boxes

  title={Quantum gases in optical boxes},
  author={Nir Navon and Robert P. Smith and Zoran Hadzibabic},
  journal={Nature Physics},
Advances in light shaping for optical trapping of neutral particles have led to the development of box traps for ultracold atoms and molecules. These traps have allowed the creation of homogeneous quantum gases and opened new possibilities for studies of many-body physics. They simplify the interpretation of experimental results, provide more direct connections with theory, and in some cases allow qualitatively new, hitherto impossible experiments. Here we review progress in this emerging field… 

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