Quantum friction.

  title={Quantum friction.},
  author={Aleksandr Ivanovich Volokitin and B. N. J. Persson},
  journal={Physical review letters},
  volume={106 9},
We investigate the van der Waals friction between graphene and an amorphous SiO(2) substrate. We find that due to this friction the electric current is saturated at a high electric field, in agreement with experiment. The saturation current depends weakly on the temperature, which we attribute to the quantum friction between the graphene carriers and the substrate optical phonons. We calculate also the frictional drag between two graphene sheets caused by van der Waals friction, and find that… 
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