Quantum dots: synthesis, bioapplications, and toxicity

Abstract

This review introduces quantum dots (QDs) and explores their properties, synthesis, applications, delivery systems in biology, and their toxicity. QDs are one of the first nanotechnologies to be integrated with the biological sciences and are widely anticipated to eventually find application in a number of commercial consumer and clinical products. They exhibit unique luminescence characteristics and electronic properties such as wide and continuous absorption spectra, narrow emission spectra, and high light stability. The application of QDs, as a new technology for biosystems, has been typically studied on mammalian cells. Due to the small structures of QDs, some physical properties such as optical and electron transport characteristics are quite different from those of the bulk materials.

DOI: 10.1186/1556-276X-7-480

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@inproceedings{Valizadeh2012QuantumDS, title={Quantum dots: synthesis, bioapplications, and toxicity}, author={Alireza Valizadeh and Haleh Mikaeili and Mohammad Hashem Vadjed Samiei and Samad Mussa Farkhani and Nosratollah Zarghami and Mohammad Kouhi and Abolfazl Akbarzadeh and Soodabeh Davaran}, booktitle={Nanoscale research letters}, year={2012} }