Quantum Structure in Cognition: Human Language as a Boson Gas of Entangled Words

@article{Aerts2019QuantumSI,
  title={Quantum Structure in Cognition: Human Language as a Boson Gas of Entangled Words},
  author={Diederik Aerts and Lester Beltran},
  journal={Foundations of Science},
  year={2019},
  volume={25},
  pages={755-802}
}
We model a piece of text of human language telling a story by means of the quantum structure describing a Bose gas in a state close to a Bose–Einstein condensate near absolute zero temperature. For this we introduce energy levels for the words (concepts) used in the story and we also introduce the new notion of ‘cogniton’ as the quantum of human thought. Words (concepts) are then cognitons in different energy states as it is the case for photons in different energy states, or states of… 
Are Words the Quanta of Human Language? Extending the Domain of Quantum Cognition
TLDR
It is shown that it is the presence of ‘meaning’ in ‘texts that tell a story’ that gives rise to the lack of independence characteristic of Bose–Einstein, and provides conclusive evidence that ‘words can be considered the quanta of human language’, structurally similar to how ‘photons are theQuanta of electromagnetic radiation’.
A Planck Radiation and Quantization Scheme for Human Cognition and Language
TLDR
It is shown that the lack of independence of the Bose-Einstein statistics compared to the Maxwell-Boltzmann statistics can be explained by the presence of a ‘meaning dynamics’, which causes words to be attracted to the same words.
Quantum Bose-Einstein Statistics for Indistinguishable Concepts in Human Language
TLDR
It is shown that the Bose–Einstein’s provides a better fit as compared to the Maxwell–Boltzmann's distributions and the Kullback–Leibler divergence method helps to identify evidence for this hypothesis.
Are Bell-tests only about local incompatibility?
The view exists that Bell-tests would only be about local incompatibility of quantum observables and that quantum non-locality would be an unnecessary concept in physics. In this note, we emphasize

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 188 REFERENCES
Concepts and Their Dynamics: A Quantum-Theoretic Modeling of Human Thought
TLDR
The relevance of complex numbers, the appearance of entanglement, and the role of Fock space in explaining contextual emergence, all as unique features of the quantum modeling are explicitly revealed in this article by analyzing human concepts and their dynamics.
The Quantum Nature of Identity in Human Thought: Bose-Einstein Statistics for Conceptual Indistinguishability
TLDR
This paper investigates a new connection between concepts and quantum entities, namely the way both behave with respect to ‘identity’ and ‘indistinguishability’, by considering conceptual entities of the type Eleven Animals.
Quantum Particles as Conceptual Entities: A Possible Explanatory Framework for Quantum Theory
We put forward a possible new interpretation and explanatory framework for quantum theory. The basic hypothesis underlying this new framework is that quantum particles are conceptual entities. More
Interpreting Quantum Particles as Conceptual Entities
We elaborate an interpretation of quantum physics founded on the hypothesis that quantum particles are conceptual entities playing the role of communication vehicles between material entities
Towards a Quantum World Wide Web
TLDR
A quantum model for the meaning associated with corpora of written documents, like the pages forming the World Wide Web is elaborate, drawing its inspiration from previous studies on operational-realistic approaches to quantum physics and quantum modeling of human cognition and decision-making.
Quantum Structure in Cognition
TLDR
The use of the mathematical formalism of quantum mechanics as a modeling instrument is examined and a general mathematical modeling scheme for the combinations of concepts is proposed and the presence of a two-layer structure consisting of a classical logical layer and a quantum conceptual layer is investigated.
Quantum-Theoretic Modeling in Computer Science
TLDR
A quantum-theoretic model is worked out in complex Hilbert space of a recently performed test on co-occurrencies of two concepts and their combination in retrieval processes on specific corpuses of documents, indicating the presence of entanglement between the combined concepts.
Quantum Structure in Cognition: Why and How Concepts Are Entangled
TLDR
It is shown that the intrinsic and unavoidable character of entanglement can be explained in terms of the weights of the exemplars of the combined concept with respect to the weightsof the exemplar of the component concepts.
A Potentiality and Conceptuality Interpretation of Quantum Physics
We elaborate on a new interpretation of quantum mechanics which we introduced recently. The main hypothesis of this new interpretation is that quantum particles are entities interacting with matter
Quantum theory and human perception of the macro-world
TLDR
It remains a possibility that standard quantum theory is an incomplete theory, and hence incapable of coping ultimately with separated entities, meaning that a more general theory will be needed.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...