Quantum Error Correction Via Codes Over GF(4)

@article{Calderbank1998QuantumEC,
  title={Quantum Error Correction Via Codes Over GF(4)},
  author={A. Robert Calderbank and Eric M. Rains and Peter W. Shor and N. J. A. Sloane},
  journal={IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory},
  year={1998},
  volume={44},
  pages={1369-1387}
}
The unreasonable effectiveness of quantum computing is founded on coherent quantum superposition or entanglement which allows a large number of calculations to be performed simultaneously. This coherence is lost as a quantum system interacts with its environment. In the present paper the problem of finding quantum-error-correcting codes is transformed into one of finding additive codes over the field GF(4) which are self-orthogonal with respect to a certain trace inner product. Many new codes… 

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