Quantum Bridge Analytics I: a tutorial on formulating and using QUBO models

@article{Glover2019QuantumBA,
  title={Quantum Bridge Analytics I: a tutorial on formulating and using QUBO models},
  author={Fred W. Glover and Gary A. Kochenberger and Yu Du},
  journal={Ann. Oper. Res.},
  year={2019},
  volume={314},
  pages={141-183}
}
The Quadratic Unconstrained Binary Optimization (QUBO) model has gained prominence in recent years with the discovery that it unifies a rich variety of combinatorial optimization problems. By its association with the Ising problem in physics, the QUBO model has emerged as an underpinning of the quantum computing area known as quantum annealing and has become a subject of study in neuromorphic computing. Through these connections, QUBO models lie at the heart of experimentation carried out with… 
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