Quantity of ethanol absorption after excessive hand disinfection using three commercially available hand rubs is minimal and below toxic levels for humans

@article{Kramer2007QuantityOE,
  title={Quantity of ethanol absorption after excessive hand disinfection using three commercially available hand rubs is minimal and below toxic levels for humans},
  author={Axel Kramer and Harald Below and Nora Bieber and Guenter Kampf and Cyril D. Toma and Nils Olaf Huebner and Ojan Assadian},
  journal={BMC Infectious Diseases},
  year={2007},
  volume={7},
  pages={117 - 117}
}
BACKGROUND Despite the increasing promotion of alcohol-based hand rubs and the worldwide use of ethanol-based hand rubs in hospitals only few studies have specifically addressed the issue of ethanol absorption when repeatedly applied to human skin. The aim of this study was to assess if ethanol absorption occurs during hygienic and surgical hand disinfection using three different alcohol-based hand-rubs, and to quantify absorption levels in humans. METHODS Twelve volunteers applied three hand… CONTINUE READING

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