The authors give the quantitative estimation of the macropsychological state of modern Russian society based on its political, social and economic characteristics. For these purposes the composite index of the macropsychological state of society is developed. It combines two secondary indexes such as a societal psychological stability index and a societal socio-psychological well-being index. Quantitative Estimate of the Psychological State of Society During the first years of the reforms, the Russian social identity was characterized by " economic determinism " , i.e., perception and explanation of events occurring within a socium as mostly determined by economical causes. Practically all the main goals that were assigned to society at the start of the reforms – market economy, GDP growth, stronger ruble, lower inflation, and so on, – were of purely economic nature, whereas such problems as acute social injustice, growing crime rates, corruption, degradation of public morality, social and physical defenselessness of the citizenry, and others, though not neglected by authorities and media, were nevertheless seen as secondary. It would certainly be absurd to deny the extreme importance of the abovementioned economic goals, but their attainment per se does nothing to secure the well-being of the citizens, the main aim of any reforms. For example, it is a rhetorical question whether we can view a country as a happy one where there is steady GDP growth but population numbers decline from year to year.