Quantitative Profiling of Ester Compounds Using HS-SPME-GC-MS and Chemometrics for Assessing Volatile Markers of the Second Fermentation in Bottle.

Abstract

A quantitative approach using HS-SPME-GC-MS was performed to investigate the ester changes related to the second fermentation in bottle. The contribution of the type of base wine to the final wine style is detailed. Furthermore, a discriminant model was developed based on ester changes according to the second fermentation (with 100% sensitivity and specificity values). The application of a double-check criteria according to univariate and multivariate analyses allowed the identification of potential volatile markers related to the second fermentation. Some of them presented a synthesis-ratio around 3-fold higher after this period and they are known to play a key role in wine aroma. Up to date, this is the first study reporting the role of esters as markers of the second fermentation. The methodology described in this study confirmed its suitability for the wine aroma field. The results contribute to enhance our understanding of this fermentative step.

DOI: 10.1021/acs.jafc.6b05265

Cite this paper

@article{MuozRedondo2017QuantitativePO, title={Quantitative Profiling of Ester Compounds Using HS-SPME-GC-MS and Chemometrics for Assessing Volatile Markers of the Second Fermentation in Bottle.}, author={Jos{\'e} Manuel Mu{\~n}oz-Redondo and F. J. Cuevas and Juan Manuel Le{\'o}n and P V Cer{\'o}n Ram{\'i}rez and Jos{\'e} M Moreno-Rojas and Mar{\'i}a Jos{\'e} Ruiz-Moreno}, journal={Journal of agricultural and food chemistry}, year={2017}, volume={65 13}, pages={2768-2775} }