Quantifying the imprecision of energy intake of humans to compensate for imposed energetic errors: A challenge to the physiological control of human food intake

  title={Quantifying the imprecision of energy intake of humans to compensate for imposed energetic errors: A challenge to the physiological control of human food intake},
  author={David A Levitsky and Anna Sewall and Yingyi Zhong and Laura K. Barre and Stefan Shoen and Nicole D. Agaronnik and Jean-Luc LeClair and Wendy Zhuo and Carly R Pacanowski},

Reductions to main meal portion sizes reduce daily energy intake regardless of perceived normality of portion size: a 5 day cross-over laboratory experiment

Reductions to the portion size of main-meal foods resulted in significant decreases in daily energy intake, and additional food consumption did not offset this effect, even when portions were reduced to the point that they were no longer perceived as being normal in size.

The Influence of Portion Size on Eating and Drinking

There is growing interest in the role of large portions in overeating. Experimental studies consistently demonstrate that serving large amounts of food leads individuals to consume more food and

The Rise and Fall of Physiological Theories of the Control of Human Eating Behavior

This article describes how the two major theories of the control of food intake in humans, the Glucostatic Theory, and the Lipostatic theory, showed initial promise as explanations, but later deteriorated with the slow accumulation experimental data.

The unidentified hormonal defense against weight gain

If it exists, revealing the identity of this factor could end a long-lasting enigma of energy balance regulation and facilitate a much-needed breakthrough in the pharmacological treatment of obesity.


Во введении рассмотрены данные литературы о влиянии ожирения и избыточной массы тела на здоровье человека и необходимость измерения содержания микроэлементов и тяжёлых элементов в волосах, так как их



Changes in energy expenditure resulting from altered body weight.

Maintenance of a reduced or elevated body weight is associated with compensatory changes in energy expenditure, which oppose the maintenance of a body weight that is different from the usual weight, which may account for the poor long-term efficacy of treatments for obesity.

Factors that determine energy compensation: a systematic review of preload studies

A meta-regression analysis of studies reporting positive energy compensation showed that IMI (as the predominant factor) together with preload physical form and energy contributed significantly to %EC differences, accounting for 50% of the variance, independently from gender and BMI.

The nature and individuality of within-subject variation in energy intake.

Examinations of observed within-subject variation in the energy intake of 29 adults participating in the Beltsville One-Year Dietary Intake Study suggest that individuals possess characteristic

The role of depot fat in the hypothalamic control of food intake in the rat

  • G. C. Kennedy
  • Biology
    Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B - Biological Sciences
  • 1953
Findings do not support the suggestion made by Brobeck (1946) that food intake is controlled as part of the normal regulation of body temperature by a thermosensitive hypothalamic centre and the maximum daily in take of food during hyperphagia appears to be determined by some limiting factor additional to the hypothalamic mechanism.

Alternate-day fasting in nonobese subjects: effects on body weight, body composition, and energy metabolism.

Alternate-day fasting was feasible in nonobese subjects, and fat oxidation increased, however, hunger on fasting days did not decrease, perhaps indicating the unlikelihood of continuing this diet for extended periods of time.

Urges to eat and drink in rats.

  • E. Adolph
  • Biology
    The American journal of physiology
  • 1947
The investigation was designed to ascertain how an animal solves conflicts, and practices priorities, in its bodily maintenance, by forcing into the metabolism of an animal considerable quantities of various ingested materials that would ordinarily be refused.

Eating in the laboratory: is it representative?

It was concluded that food consumed in a laboratory setting is a reasonable approximation of caloric intake as measured under free-living conditions.

Effects of intraindividual and interindividual variation in repeated dietary records.

It was found that twice as many dietary records per individual were required to estimate the population slope within 10% of the true population correlation coefficient (rho xy).