Quantifying the consensus on anthropogenic global warming in the scientific literature

  title={Quantifying the consensus on anthropogenic global warming in the scientific literature},
  author={John Cook and D. A. Nuccitelli and Sarah A Green and Mark Richardson and B{\"a}rbel Winkler and Rob Painting and Robert G. Way and Peter Jacobs and Andrew G. Skuce},
  journal={Environmental Research Letters},
We analyze the evolution of the scientific consensus on anthropogenic global warming (AGW) in the peer-reviewed scientific literature, examining 11 944 climate abstracts from 1991–2011 matching the topics ‘global climate change’ or ‘global warming’. We find that 66.4% of abstracts expressed no position on AGW, 32.6% endorsed AGW, 0.7% rejected AGW and 0.3% were uncertain about the cause of global warming. Among abstracts expressing a position on AGW, 97.1% endorsed the consensus position that… 

Consensus on consensus: a synthesis of consensus estimates on human-caused global warming

The consensus that humans are causing recent global warming is shared by 90%–100% of publishing climate scientists according to six independent studies by co-authors of this paper. Those results are

Comment on ‘Quantifying the consensus on anthropogenic global warming in the scientific literature’

Cook et al’s highly influential consensus study (2013 Environ. Res. Lett. 8 024024) finds different results than previous studies in the consensus literature. It omits tests for systematic

Comment on ‘Quantifying the consensus on anthropogenic global warming in the scientific literature’

I read the study by Cook et al with great interest [1]. The study used levels of endorsement of global warming as outlined in their table 2; however, I could see nomention as to how these levels were

The climate change consensus extends beyond climate scientists

The existence of anthropogenic climate change remains a public controversy despite the consensus among climate scientists. The controversy may be fed by the existence of scientists from other

Confidence levels and likelihood terms in IPCC reports: a survey of experts from different scientific disciplines

Scientific assessments, such as those by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), inform policymakers and the public about the state of scientific evidence and related uncertainties. We

Public interest in climate change over the past decade and the effects of the ‘climategate’ media event

Despite overwhelming scientific consensus concerning anthropogenic climate change, many in the non-expert public perceive climate change as debated and contentious. There is concern that two recent

Global temperature definition affects achievement of long-term climate goals

The Paris Agreement on climate change aims to limit ‘global average temperature’ rise to ‘well below 2 °C’ but reported temperature depends on choices about how to blend air and water temperature

Research on climate change in social psychology publications: A systematic review

There is a strong scientific consensus that anthropogenic climate change is happening and that its impacts can put both ecological and human systems in jeopardy. Social psychology, the scientific study

Communicating the Scientific Consensus on Climate Change: Diverse Audiences and Effects Over Time

Prior research has demonstrated that communicating the scientific consensus that human-caused climate change is happening is an effective way to increase public understanding and engagement with the

Environmental assessments in the built environment: crucial yet underdeveloped

Environmental assessments have been developed with increasing emphasis since the wide-scale emergence of environmental concerns in the 1970s. However, after decades there is still plenty of room left



About “scientific consensus on climate change”

I ’m writing this personal opinion about a “hot” topic: the Antropogenic Global Warming (AGW) consensus. In EPN 44/6, John Cook presents the conclusions of a paper by himself et al., published in

Examining the Scientific Consensus on Climate Change

Fifty-two percent of Americans think most climate scientists agree that the Earth has been warming in recent years, and 47% think climate scientists agree (i.e., that there is a scientific consensus)

Expert credibility in climate change

An extensive dataset of 1,372 climate researchers and their publication and citation data is used to show that 97–98% of the climate researchers most actively publishing in the field surveyed here support the tenets of ACC outlined by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.

Climate change 1995: the science of climate change.

This extensive report entitled “Climate Change 1995: The Science of Climate Change” is the most comprehensive and up-to-date assessment available for scientific understanding of human influences on

The Polls—Trends Twenty Years of Public Opinion about Global Warming

Over the past 20 years, there have been dozens of news organization, academic, and nonpartisan public opinion surveys on global warming, yet there exists no authoritative summary of their collective

The pivotal role of perceived scientific consensus in acceptance of science

Public concern about anthropogenic global warming has been declining despite the scientific consensus on the issue. It is still unknown whether experts’ consensus determines people’s beliefs, and it

Flogging a dead norm? Newspaper coverage of anthropogenic climate change in the United States and United Kingdom from 2003 to 2006

The journalistic norm of ‘balanced’ reporting (giving roughly equal coverage to both sides in any significant dispute) is recognised as both useful and problematic in communicating emerging

Climate change

  • Martijn Gough
  • Environmental Science
    Canadian Medical Association Journal
  • 2009
The Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Working Group showed that from 1850 to 2005, the average global temperature increased by about 0.76 degrees