Quantifying muscle patterns and spine load during various forms of the push-up.

  title={Quantifying muscle patterns and spine load during various forms of the push-up.},
  author={S. Freeman and A. Karpowicz and J. Gray and S. McGill},
  journal={Medicine and science in sports and exercise},
  volume={38 3},
PURPOSE This study was conducted to quantify the normalized amplitudes of the abdominal wall and back extensor musculature during a variety of push-up styles. We also sought to quantify their impact on spinal loading by calculating spinal compression and torque generation in the L4-5 area. METHODS Ten university-age participants, nine males and one female, in good to excellent condition, volunteered to participate in this study. All participants were requested to perform a maximum of 12… Expand
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