Bioprocess monitoring: minimizing sample matrix effects for total protein quantification with bicinchoninic acid assay
The colorimetric assay using bicinchoninic acid (BCA) as test reagent is useful for quantitative protein determinations due to its high sensitivity, ease, and tolerance to various contaminations present in biological samples or added during purification. For removal of interfering substances, protein precipitations have been described. Yet, obstructions became apparent with diluted and complex samples. Therefore we tested different solvents for removal of such interfering contaminants from the protein precipitate, and 1 M HCl was identified as the useful washing agent. The protocol described allows simple and accurate microdetermination in microtiter plates of proteins from complex samples.