Quality of life of individuals with and without facial feminization surgery or gender reassignment surgery

  title={Quality of life of individuals with and without facial feminization surgery or gender reassignment surgery},
  author={Tiffiny A. Ainsworth and Jeffrey H Spiegel},
  journal={Quality of Life Research},
ObjectivesTo determine the self-reported quality of life of male-to-female (MTF) transgendered individuals and how this quality of life is influenced by facial feminization and gender reassignment surgery.MethodsFacial Feminization Surgery outcomes evaluation survey and the SF-36v2 quality of life survey were administered to male-to-female transgender individuals via the Internet and on paper. A total of 247 MTF participants were enrolled in the study.ResultsMental health-related quality of… 
Prospective Quality-of-Life Outcomes after Facial Feminization Surgery: An International Multicenter Study
Facial feminization achieved improved quality of life, feminized cephalometries, feminine gender appearance, good overall aesthetics, and high satisfaction that were present at 1 month and stable at more than 6 months.
— INTERSEX AND GENDER IDENTITY DISORDERS Female and Male Transgender Quality of Life : Socioeconomic and Medical
The QOL of transgender women did not differ significantly from the generalDutch female population, although transgender men showed reduced mental health-related QOL compared with the general Dutch male sample, and significantly lower QOL scores for transgender persons that were older, low educated, unemployed, had a low household income, and were single.
Female and male transgender quality of life: socioeconomic and medical differences.
Specific social indicators are important in relation to health-related QOL of transgenders in a context of qualitative and adequate medical care.
Determinants of quality of life in Spanish transsexuals attending a gender unit before genital sex reassignment surgery
Cross-sex hormonal treatment, family support, and working or studying are linked to a better self-reported QoL in transsexuals, and healthcare providers should consider these factors when planning interventions to promote the health-relatedQoL of transsexuals.
Quality of life of men and women with gender identity disorder
Employment, education, province of residence and economic status as well as therapeutic intervention is associated with transgender’s QoL.
Discussion: Prospective Quality-of-Life Outcomes after Facial Feminization Surgery: An International Multicenter Study.
This work established that surgical transition is extremely important to quality of life but did not establish supremacy of facial feminization surgery over gender-reassignment surgery or vice versa and could not show additive effects of facial Feminization surgery and gender- reassigned surgery in quality-of-life improvement.
Psychosocial Differences Between Transgender Individuals With and Without History of Nonsurgical Facial Injectables
This study examined theoretically relevant psychosocial characteristics of transgender individuals who have and have not undergone nonsurgical injectable procedures (NSIPs), finding experiences with NSIPs may play an important role in psychossocial functioning for transgender individuals.
Quality of Life Following Male-To-Female Sex Reassignment Surgery.
Current studies indicate that quality of life improves after sex reassignment surgery, and these studies are heterogeneous in design, which permits the conclusion that sex reassign- ment surgery beneficially affects emotional well- being, sexuality, andquality of life in general.
Quality of Life Outcomes After Facial Feminization Surgery.
A large single-institution cohort of quality of life (QOL) data before and after facial feminization surgery (FFS) shows that FFS improves self-perceived and externally perceived facial femininity and reduces limitations in social and professional activities.
Quality of Life Changes in Iranian Patients Undergoing Female-to-Male Transsexual Surgery: A Prospective Study.
As the results of the present study highlight, FTM GD patients have a low QOL before surgery that is significantly improved after surgery, which is significantly better than the general population.


Female-to-male transgender quality of life
Analysis of quality of life health concepts demonstrated statistically significant diminishedquality of life among the FTM transgender participants as compared to the US male and female population, particularly in regard to mental health.
Facial corrections in male to female transsexuals: a preliminary report on 16 patients.
Factors Associated with Satisfaction or Regret Following Male-to-Female Sex Reassignment Surgery
The physical results of SRS may be more important than preoperative factors such as transsexual typology or compliance with established treatment regimens in predicting postoperative satisfaction or regret.
The Reported Sex and Surgery Satisfactions of 28 Postoperative Male-to-Female Transsexual Patients
There is a strong case for making a change in the Harry Benjamin Standards of Care to include a period of postoperative psychotherapy for male-to-female gender transformation surgeries.
Outcomes instruments in facial plastic surgery.
The background of the use of quality of life instruments in the field of outcomes research is outlined to provide a basic understanding for the application of such tools to the work of facial plastic surgery.
Challenges in care of the transgender patient seeking facial feminization surgery.
  • J. Spiegel
  • Medicine
    Facial plastic surgery clinics of North America
  • 2008
The outcome of sex reassignment surgery in Belgrade: 32 patients of both sexes
In most transsexuals, the quality of life was improved after surgery inasmuch as these four aspects are concerned, and only a few transsexuals were not satisfied with their life after surgery.
QualityMetric Incorporated
  • 1024 Qual Life Res
  • 2010