Quality of life in patients with leg ulcers: results from CHALLENGE, a double-blind randomised controlled trial.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE We recently showed the superiority of a matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) modulating dressing (foam impregnated with NOSF, nano-oligosaccharide factor) compared with a lipidocolloid matrix (TLC) control dressing in median wound area reduction (WAR). Here we report the results from the same study assessing the performance and safety of TLC-NOSF in the local management of venous leg ulcers (VLUs) or mixed leg ulcers and determining its impact on the patient's health-related quality of life (HRQoL). METHOD A superiority randomised double-blind controlled trial was conducted on patients presenting with a non-infected leg ulcer (VLUs or mixed leg ulcers) of predominantly venous origin (ABPI >0.8), with a surface area ranging from 5 to 50cm2 and a duration of 6 to 36 months. Patients were randomly allocated to either the TLC-NOSF matrix foam (UrgoStart) dressing group or to the neutral TLC foam dressing group (UrgoTul Absorb). All received appropriate compression therapy and the wounds were assessed blindly (clinical examination, wound area tracing and photographic record) every 2 weeks for a period of 8 weeks, or until complete closure. A secondary endpoint, described here, was the patient's HRQoL, documented by the patient, through the EuroQol 5D tool (EQ-5D) questionnaire and visual analogue scale (VAS). RESULTS In total, 187 patients were randomised to either the TLC-NOSF group (n=94) or the control dressing group (n=93). The two groups were well balanced at baseline with regard to wound and patient characteristics. In the HRQoL questionnaire (EQ-5D), the pain/discomfort and anxiety/depression dimensions were significantly improved in the TLC-NOSF group versus the control one (pain/discomfort: 1.53±0.53 versus 1.74±0.65; p=0.022, and anxiety/depression: 1.35±0.53 versus 1.54±0.60, p=0.037). The VAS score was better in the test group compared with the control group (72.1±17.5 versus 67.3±18.7, respectively), without reaching significance (p=0.072). Acceptability and tolerance of the two products were similar in both groups. CONCLUSION The double-blind clinical trial has demonstrated that the TLC-NOSF matrix dressing promotes faster healing of VLUs and mixed leg ulcers and significantly reduces the pain/discomfort and anxiety/depression experienced by the patients. These results suggest that acceleration of VLU healing could improve the HRQoL of the patients and reduced the emotional and social burden of these chronic wounds.

DOI: 10.12968/jowc.2017.26.7.368

Cite this paper

@article{Meaume2017QualityOL, title={Quality of life in patients with leg ulcers: results from CHALLENGE, a double-blind randomised controlled trial.}, author={Sylvie Meaume and Anne Dompmartin and Catherine Lok and Isabelle Lazareth and Mich{\`e}le Sigal and François Truchetet and Anne Sauvadet and S Bohbot}, journal={Journal of wound care}, year={2017}, volume={26 7}, pages={368-379} }