Quality of life and recreational cannabis use

@article{Goldenberg2017QualityOL,
  title={Quality of life and recreational cannabis use},
  author={Matthew Goldenberg and Waguih William Ishak and Itai Danovitch},
  journal={The American Journal on Addictions},
  year={2017},
  volume={26},
  pages={8–25}
}
INTRODUCTION Cannabis is now the most commonly used illicit drug in the United States and use is increasing. Frequent cannabis use has been associated with adverse social and health effects. We sought to evaluate the relationship between recreational cannabis use and Quality of Life (QoL), a person-centered measure that characterizes the overall sense of health and wellbeing. We hypothesized that QoL would be unchanged or increased among recreational cannabis users, who did not meet criteria… 

Figures from this paper

Abstinence and reduced frequency of use are associated with improvements in quality of life among treatment‐seekers with cannabis use disorder
TLDR
Abstinence and lower frequency of use are associated with higher QoL, regardless of gender, over the course of CUD medication treatment, for the first time.
Associations of Current and Remitted Cannabis Use Disorder With Health-related Quality of Life and Employment Among US Adults
TLDR
Current CUD and past CUD are adversely associated with HRQOL and current CUD with not being employed; Since CUD associations are not independent of comorbidities, treatment must take a wide-ranging approach.
Cannabis and cocaine use, drinking outcomes, and quality of life in general hospital inpatients with alcohol use disorder.
TLDR
Among hospital inpatients with AUD, there were no significant associations between cannabis and cocaine use, heavy drinking, or QOL and the findings raise questions regarding how drug use affects AUD and whether similar results would be found among those with milder AUD and in prospective studies.
Cannabis use and cannabis use disorder
TLDR
The epidemiology of cannabis use is reviewed, together with the epidemiology, mechanisms, diagnosis, prevention and treatment of Cannabis use disorder, and the risks associated with high-potency cannabis products are discussed.
Motivational Interviewing for Cannabis Use Disorders: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
TLDR
Motivational interviewing is an effective intervention to reduce cannabis use and achieve abstinence, especially among adults and patients with no prior history of psychotic disorder and should be included in guidelines for treating cannabis use disorder as one of the essential psychological interventions.
Cannabis and Mental Health: Adverse Outcomes and Self-Reported Impact of Cannabis Use by Mental Health Status
TLDR
For conditions with substantial evidence suggesting cannabis is harmful, greater help-seeking behaviors and self-perceived negative effects were observed and consumers with psychosis were most likely to perceive negative effects across categories.
Measuring the Change in Health-Related Quality of Life in Patients Using Marijuana for Pain Relief
TLDR
Overall, there is a positive relationship between MM use and HRQoL in patients using it for pain, and further research into which aspects of self-care are impacted by MM use in this population is warranted.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 29 REFERENCES
Cannabis use and mental health-related quality of life among individuals with anxiety disorders.
Impact of psychiatric conditions on health-related quality of life in persons with HIV infection.
TLDR
Optimization of health-related quality of life is particularly important now that HIV is a chronic disease with the prospect of long-term survival, and inclusion of sufficient numbers of appropriately trained mental health professionals to identify and treat such conditions may reduce unnecessary utilization of other health services and improve health- relatedquality of life in persons with HIV.
Prevalence and Correlates of DSM-5 Cannabis Use Disorder, 2012-2013: Findings from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions-III.
TLDR
DSM-5 cannabis use disorder is prevalent, associated with comorbidity and disability, and largely untreated, suggesting the need to improve prevention and educate the public, professionals, and policy makers about possible harms associated with cannabis use disorders and available interventions.
Psychoactive Drugs and Quality of Life
TLDR
The study showed that over half the Danish population had used illegal psychotropic drugs, though the most commonly used was cannabis (marijuana), though experience of this drug appeared not to co-vary with QOL to any significant extent.
No Detectable Association Between Frequency of Marijuana Use and Health or Healthcare Utilization Among Primary Care Patients Who Screen Positive for Drug Use
TLDR
Mmong adults in primary care who screen positive for any recent illicit or non-medical prescription drug use, it was unable to detect an association between frequency of marijuana use and health, emergency department use, or hospital utilization.
Health-risk behaviors and quality of life among young men
TLDR
Health-risk behaviors are mostly associated with compromised QOL, however, sexual intercourse without a condom and frequent risky single-occasion drinking differ from this pattern and are therefore possibly particularly difficult to change relative to other health- risk behaviors.
Quality of life following remission of mental disorders: findings from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions.
TLDR
Although remission of several psychiatric disorders was associated with significant improvements, remission was generally not associated with full restoration of health-related quality of life, even among those without comorbid disorders.
Does marijuana use have residual adverse effects on self-reported health measures, socio-demographics and quality of life? A monozygotic co-twin control study in men.
TLDR
Previous heavy marijuana use a mean of 20 years earlier by a group of men who reported no other significant illicit drug use does not appear to be associated with adverse socio-demographic, physical or mental health adverse effects.
Health status at entry to methadone maintenance treatment using the SF-36 health survey questionnaire.
TLDR
Heroin users at entry to the methadone maintenance programme had significantly worse physical and psychological health than the general population, and alcohol and marijuana use were associated with better social and physical health.
...
...