The Emergence of biological coding theory as a mathematical framework for modeling, monitoring, and modulating biomolecular systems
- Elebeoba May
- 2009 43rd Annual Conference on Information…
The advent of the DNA microarray technology has brought with it the exciting possibility of simultaneously observing the expression levels of all genes in an organism. One such microarray technology, called "oligo arrays," manufactures short single strands of DNA (called probes) onto a glass surface using photolithography. An altered or missed step in such a manufacturing protocol can adversely affect all probes using this failed step and is in general impossible to disentangle from experimental variation when using such a defective array. The idea of designing special quality control probes to detect a failed step was first formulated by Hubbell and Pevzner (1999). We consider an alternative formulation of this problem and use a combinatorial design approach to solve it. Our results improve over prior work in guaranteeing coverage of all protocol steps and in being able to tolerate a greater number of unreliable probe intensities.