Qualitative synthesis and systematic review in health professions education

  title={Qualitative synthesis and systematic review in health professions education},
  author={Margaret Bearman and Phillip Dawson},
  journal={Medical Education},
Context  Formal qualitative synthesis is the process of pooling qualitative and mixed‐method research data, and then drawing conclusions regarding the collective meaning of the research. Qualitative synthesis is regularly used within systematic reviews in the health professions literature, although such use has been heavily debated in the general literature. This controversy arises in part from the inherent tensions found when generalisations are derived from in‐depth studies that are heavily… 

In this issue

Many influential systematic reviews use qualitative synthesis to establish the collective meaning from a range of qualitative, mixed-methods or heterogeneous health professional education studies.

Considering axiological integrity: a methodological analysis of qualitative evidence syntheses, and its implications for health professions education

QES methods applied to clinical humanism in healthcare is examined as a way of advancing thinking around the use of QES in HPE in general and concerns were that the axiological dimensions of the source materials were rarely considered let alone accommodated in the synthesis techniques used.

Trainees’ perspectives of assessment messages: a narrative systematic review

If trainees value the information they receive through the formats designed to promote their development and, if not, the reasons for this are determined.

A qualitative review of the design thinking framework in health professions education

The findings raise important considerations for health professions education, including the extent to which design thinking should be taught to students as a skill-based tool to prepare students for problem solving in complex healthcare environments.

A methodological systematic review of meta-ethnography conduct to articulate the complex analytical phases

The current work is the first to articulate and differentiate the methodological variations and their application for different purposes and represents a significant advance in the understanding of the methodological application of meta-ethnography.

Scoping reviews in health professions education: challenges, considerations and lessons learned about epistemology and methodology.

It is argued that the philosophical stance scholars adopt during the execution of a scoping review, including the meaning they attribute to fundamental concepts such as knowledge and evidence, influences how they gather, analyze, and interpret information obtained from a heterogeneous body of literature.

Dietetics students’ experiences of dietetics workforce preparation and preparedness: a systematic review and qualitative synthesis

Strategies that focus on exposing dietetics students to inspirational practitioners, increasing and celebrating diversity in academic/placement settings, and incentivising collaboration across dietetics education, could act as catalysts to enhance the experience of future diets students and the nutrition-related health of those they will serve.

Meta-ethnography in healthcare research: a guide to using a meta-ethnographic approach for literature synthesis

A practical step-by-step guide for conducting meta-ethnography based on the original seven steps as developed by Noblit & Hare is presented and clarifies how the stages and processes involved in conducting a meta-synthesis can be operationalised.

Analysing synthesis of evidence in a systematic review in health professions education: observations on struggling beyond Kirkpatrick

Maxwell dimensions were a useful framework beyond K-levels for classifying and synthesizing the evidence-base and should be more systematic reporting of process analysis about difficulties synthesizing suboptimal evidence-bases.



Methods for the synthesis of qualitative research: a critical review

Methods for qualitative synthesis vary across a range of dimensions and broadly fall into 'realist' or 'idealist' epistemologies, which partly accounts for these differences.

Systematic review methodology in higher education

Systematic review methodology can be distinguished from narrative reviews of the literature through its emphasis on transparent, structured and comprehensive approaches to searching the literature

Reflection and reflective practice in health professions education: a systematic review

A literature review was designed to evaluate the existing evidence about reflection and reflective practice and their utility in health professional education, to understand the key variables influencing this educational process, identify gaps in the evidence, and explore any implications for educational practice and research.

How can systematic reviews incorporate qualitative research? A critical perspective

Systematic review has developed as a specific methodology for searching for, appraising and synthesizing findings of primary studies, and has rapidly become a cornerstone of the evidence-based

Methods for the thematic synthesis of qualitative research in systematic reviews

Thematic synthesis is presented as a tried and tested method that preserves an explicit and transparent link between conclusions and the text of primary studies; as such it preserves principles that have traditionally been important to systematic reviewing.

A guide to synthesising qualitative research for researchers undertaking health technology assessments and systematic reviews

This document, and the research on which it is based, have been assessed for any likely impact on the six equality groups defined by age, gender, race/ethnicity, religion/faith, disability and sexual orientation.

Synthesizing Qualitative and Quantitative Health Evidence: A Guide to Methods

This book provides a comprehensive overview of the range of approaches and methods available for synthesising qualitative and quantitative evidence and a detailed explanation of why this is important.

Synthesing Qualitative and Quantitative Health Evidence

Synthesing Qualitative and Quantitative Health Evidence , Synthesing Qualitative and Quantitative Health Evidence , کتابخانه دیجیتال جندی شاپور اهواز

Meta‐analysis of quasi‐experimental research: are systematic narrative reviews indicated?

Context  Meta‐analyses are commonly performed on quasi‐experimental studies in medical education and other applied field settings, with little or no apparent concern for biases and confounds present

Systematically reviewing qualitative and quantitative evidence to inform management and policy-making in the health field

The key stages in reviewing and synthesizing qualitative and quantitative evidence for decision-making are described and various strategies that could offer a way forward are looked at.