Qualitative or Quantitative Differences Between Asperger’s Disorder and Autism? Historical Considerations

@article{Sanders2009QualitativeOQ,
  title={Qualitative or Quantitative Differences Between Asperger’s Disorder and Autism? Historical Considerations},
  author={James L. Sanders},
  journal={Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders},
  year={2009},
  volume={39},
  pages={1560-1567}
}
  • James L. Sanders
  • Published 2009
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
The histories of autism and Asperger’s Disorder (AD), based on original contributions by Kanner and Asperger, are reviewed in relation to DSM-IV diagnostic criteria. Their original articles appear to have influenced the distinction between AD and autism made in the DSM-IV. Based on up-to-date empirical research, however, it appears that AD and autism are not qualitatively distinct disorders, but are different quantitative manifestations of the same disorder. The differences between AD and… Expand
DSM-5 ASD Moves Forward into the Past
TLDR
Findings do not support the conceptualization of AD, AsD and PDDNOS as a single category of ASD and future research and clinical practice will continue to find ways to meaningfully subtype the ASD. Expand
Categorical and Dimensional Structure of Autism Spectrum Disorders: The Nosologic Validity of Asperger Syndrome
TLDR
The study provides evidence that AS and autism are not qualitatively distinct disorders, but rather different quantitative manifestations of the same disorder, and does not support the thesis that autistic disorders are discrete phenotypes. Expand
The relationship of cognitive profile to differential diagnosis of high-functioning autism and Asperger's Syndrome
The adequacy of diagnostic criteria for Asperger’s syndrome (AS) has been debated, and many in the field do not believe that AS warrants a discrete subgrouping, considering AS to differ from classicExpand
Differences in Challenging Behaviors Between Children with High Functioning Autism and Asperger’s Disorder
A longstanding debate has existed as to whether High-Functioning Autism (HFA) and Asperger’s Disorder are dimensional versus distinct disorders. The impending changes to the upcoming Diagnostic andExpand
Views on the Diagnostic Labels of Autism and Asperger’s Disorder and the Proposed Changes in the DSM
TLDR
Analysis of the 547 participant responses confirmed an increase stigma is associated with the label of autism, with autism considered to be a more severe than the condition of Asperger’s disorder. Expand
Subtyping the Autism Spectrum Disorder: Comparison of Children with High Functioning Autism and Asperger Syndrome
TLDR
Examination of whether AS differed from HFA in clinical profiles and the impact of DSM-5's innovation suggested that an AS empirical distinction within autism spectrum disorder should be clinically useful. Expand
Asperger’s Disorder will be Back
  • L. Tsai
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of autism and developmental disorders
  • 2013
TLDR
It is plausible to predict that the field of ASD would run full circle during the next decade or two and that AspD will be back in the next edition of DSM, although DSM-5 ASD will eliminate Asperger’s disorder. Expand
From Asperger's Autistischen Psychopathen to DSM-5 Autism Spectrum Disorder and Beyond: A Subthreshold Autism Spectrum Model
TLDR
A Subthreshold Autism Spectrum Model is proposed that encompasses not only threshold-level manifestations but also mild/atypical symptoms, gender-specific features, behavioral manifestations and personality traits associated with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Expand
Genetic Etiology of Autism
Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) are severe neurodevelopment disorders characterized by impairment in social interaction and communication, and repetitive and stereotyped behav‐ iors. Motor deficits,Expand
The diagnosis and epidemiology of autism
Purpose – This paper aims to describe the way in which autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is identified, defined and diagnosed; and how changes in the conceptualisation and understanding of autism haveExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 39 REFERENCES
Annotation: The similarities and differences between autistic disorder and Asperger's disorder: a review of the empirical evidence.
TLDR
There is currently insufficient evidence to establish the validity of Asperger's disorder as a syndrome distinct from high-functioning autism, and the findings are consistent with the view that these disorders belong on an autism spectrum. Expand
Cognitive and symptom profiles in Asperger’s syndrome and high‐functioning autism
TLDR
Autistic cognitive characteristics shared by both Asperger syndrome and HFA subjects appear to support the validity of the current diagnostic classification of PDD. Expand
Influence of IQ and Age in Childhood Autism: Lack of Support for DSM-IV Asperger's Disorder
Children with clinical diagnoses of autism or Asperger's disorder who had normal (n = 47) versus below normal (n = 110) intelligence were compared on several variables, including frequency and typesExpand
Defining the Behavioral Phenotype of Asperger Syndrome
  • M. Ghaziuddin
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of autism and developmental disorders
  • 2008
TLDR
Despite the overlap between AS and autism, subjects with AS showed a distinct pattern of social impairment, and implications of these findings are discussed. Expand
Three Diagnostic Approaches to Asperger Syndrome: Implications for Research
TLDR
Diagnostic assignments of AS based on three commonly used approaches have low agreement and lead to different results in comparisons of IQ profiles, patterns of comorbidity, and familial aggregation of psychiatric symptoms across the approach-specific resultant groups of HFA, AS, and PDD-NOS. Expand
Asperger's syndrome: evidence of an empirical distinction from high-functioning autism.
TLDR
This study compared the neuropsychological profiles of individuals with high-functioning autism (HFA) and Asperger's syndrome (AS) and suggests that HFA and AS are empirically distinguishable on measures independent of diagnostic criteria. Expand
Two-year outcome of preschool children with autism or Asperger's syndrome.
TLDR
It appears that Asperger's disorder and autism represent parallel but potentially overlapping developmental trajectories. Expand
Differentiating Autism and Asperger Syndrome on the Basis of Language Delay or Impairment
TLDR
Regression analysis revealed that specific language impairment at time 2 more often accounted for the greatest variation in outcome scores in adolescence than the standard diagnosis of AS versus HFA based on history of language delay. Expand
Asperger’s Syndrome: A Comparison of Clinical Diagnoses and Those Made According to the ICD-10 and DSM-IV
TLDR
Results contrast with those of others who have stated that the diagnosis of AS using ICD-10/DSM-IV criteria is ‘virtually impossible’, and it is suggested that this is due to limitations inherent in these criteria. Expand
Defining the Intellectual Profile of Asperger Syndrome: Comparison with High-Functioning Autism
TLDR
As a group, subjects with AS showed a higher verbal IQ and higher scores on information and vocabulary subtests than those with HFA, however, scores of several AS and HFA subjects showed a mixed pattern. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
...