Qualitative differences between naïve and scientific theories of evolution

  title={Qualitative differences between na{\"i}ve and scientific theories of evolution},
  author={Andrew Shtulman},
  journal={Cognitive Psychology},

Pursuing Darwin’s curious parallel: Prospects for a science of cultural evolution

  • A. Mesoudi
  • Biology
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
  • 2017
Current progress in the pursuit of an evolutionary science of culture that is grounded in both biological and evolutionary theory, but also treats culture as more than a proximate mechanism that is directly controlled by genes is reviewed.

Contradictory or Complementary? Creationist and Evolutionist Explanations of the Origin(s) of Species

Almost half of the US public rejects the idea that humans originated via evolution rather than by supernatural design. Moreover, studies demonstrate that even biology teachers have difficulty

The Relation Between Essentialist Beliefs and Evolutionary Reasoning

Overall, it is argued that psychological essentialism, although a useful bias for drawing species-wide inductions, leads individuals to devalue within-species variation and, consequently, to fail to understand natural selection.

Tuition vs. Intuition: Effects of Instruction on Naïve Theories of Evolution

Recent research suggests that a major obstacle to evolution understanding is an essentialist view of the biological world. The present study investigated the effects of formal biology instruction on


Diverse alternative conceptions embedded in the minds of learners of biology impede their learning of evolution. Our study aimed to find out the acceptance level of the theory of evolution in high

Evolutionary remnants as widely accessible evidence for evolution: the structure of the argument for application to evolution education

It is argued that among categories of evidence of evolution accessible to non-specialists in any environment, the most compelling evidence of common ancestry consists of remnants of evolutionary history evident in homologous features, particularly when those homologies are related to lack of fit of organisms to their way of life.

Evolution of Students' Ideas About Natural Selection Through a Constructivist Framework

Education in evolution must focus also on the epistemic thinking that has led to the development of evolution theory as the best scientific explanation the authors have for the diversity of life on Earth.

The Stagnancy of Family Studies in Modern Academia: Resistances Toward the Integration of Evolutionary Theory

The theory of natural selection has been vital in unifying the biological sciences and their research with a single testable metatheory. Despite a plethora of research supporting natural selection,

From Ends to Causes (and Back Again) by Metaphor: The Paradox of Natural Selection

Natural selection is one of the most famous metaphors in the history of science. Charles Darwin used the metaphor and the underlying analogy to frame his ideas about evolution and its main driving

Understanding of Evolution May Be Improved by Thinking about People

  • D. Nettle
  • Psychology
    Evolutionary psychology : an international journal of evolutionary approaches to psychology and behavior
  • 2010
It is concluded that public understanding of evolution might be improved if it was began instruction by considering the organisms which are most familiar to us.



The Nature of Naive Explanations of Natural Selection

Unlike some pivotal ideas in the history of science, the basic notion of natural selection is remarkably simple and so one might expect most students to easily grasp the basic principles of the

Conceptions of natural selection: a snapshot of the sense-making process

Several studies have examined the alternative conceptions that students possess about the process of natural selection. The goal of this study was to explore the nature of the changes in students'

Student conceptions of natural selection and its role in evolution

Pretests and posttests on the topic of evolution by natural selection were administered to students in a college nonmajors' biology course. Analysis of test responses revealed that most students

Religious Belief, Scientific Expertise, and Folk Ecology

In the United States, lay-adults with a range of educational backgrounds often conceptualize species change within a non-Darwinian adaptationist framework, or reject such ideas altogether, opting

The Growth of Biological Thought: Diversity, Evolution, and Inheritance

The history of biology describes the rise of science from the seventeenth century to the twentieth century and the changing intellectual milieu of biology.

Cognitive and Contextual Factors in the Emergence of Diverse Belief Systems: Creation versus Evolution

Children's natural-history knowledge and religious interest predicted their evolutionist and creationist beliefs, respectively, independently of parent beliefs, and it is argued that this divergent developmental pattern is optimally explained with a model of constructive interactionism.

Darwin and design : does evolution have a purpose?

The intricate forms of living things bespeak design, and thus a creator: nearly 150 years after Darwin's theory of natural selection called this argument into question, we still speak of life in

Intentions and beliefs in students' understanding and acceptance of biological evolution

We examined the intersection of students' understanding and acceptance of evolution and their epistemological beliefs and cognitive dispositions. Based on previous research, we hypothesized there

Formal Reasoning Ability and Misconceptions concerning Genetics and Natural Selection.

Students often hold misconceptions about natural phenomena. To overcome misconceptions students must become aware of the scientific conceptions, the evidence that bears on the validity of their