• Corpus ID: 26820338

QWERTY vs . Dvorak Efficiency : A Computational Approach

  title={QWERTY vs . Dvorak Efficiency : A Computational Approach},
  author={Ricard Torres},
After David’s pioneering contribution, many authors have claimed that the prevalence of the QWERTY keyboard layout is an instance of lock-in on an inferior technology, because the Dvorak Simplified Keyboard is more efficient. But other authors, notably Liebowitz and Margolis, have disputed this claim. Here we proceed to examine the relative efficiency of the two layouts by computational means. The result is that Dvorak is actually more efficient than QWERTY. Our computations depend on a… 

Tables from this paper



The Fable of the Keys

This paper examines the history of the QWERTY typewriter keyboard, often put forward as the archetypical case of markets choosing the wrong standard. Contrary to the claims made by Paul David and

QWERTY, @, &, #

  • M. Castillo
  • Computer Science
    American Journal of Neuroradiology
  • 2011
The computer keyboard became popular in the early 1980s and was adapted from IBM’s widely used electric typewriters, but there are no standardized arrangements for keyboards on portable computers, making them all slightly different.

Rerun the tape of history and QWERTY always wins

The Quest for QWERTY

In settings ranging from office suite software to online auctions, casual empiricism suggests a strong tendency for markets where platforms compete to tip to a single dominant player. But which

Competing Technologies , Increasing Returns , and Lock-In by Historical Events

Terms and Conditions of Use provides, in part, that unless you have obtained prior permission, you may not download an entire issue of a journal or multiple copies of articles, and you may use

Information Rules: A Strategic Guide to the Network Economy

The article reviews the book “Information Rules: A Strategic Guide to the Network Economy,” by Carl Shapiro and Hal R. Varian.

Network externality : an uncommon tragedy

Economists have defined 'network externality' and have examined putative inframarginal market failures associated with it. This paper distinguishes between network effects and network externalities,

Clio and the Economics of QWERTY