QUANTUM BACKGROUND INDEPENDENCE IN STRING THEORY

@inproceedings{Witten1995QUANTUMBI,
  title={QUANTUM BACKGROUND INDEPENDENCE IN STRING THEORY},
  author={Edward H Witten},
  year={1995}
}
Not only in physical string theories, but also in some highly simplified situations, background independence has been difficult to understand. It is argued that the “holomorphic anomaly” of Bershadsky, Cecotti, Ooguri, and Vafa gives a fundamental explanation of some of the problems. Moreover, their anomaly equation can be interpreted in terms of a rather peculiar quantum version of background independence: in systems afflicted by the anomaly, background independence does not hold order by… CONTINUE READING

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