QRS duration and early hemodynamic instability after coronary revascularization surgery.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES The duration of the QRS interval measured by ECG is a marker of ventricular dysfunction and indicates a poor prognosis. Its value in patients undergoing coronary revascularization surgery has not been established. METHODS The study involved 203 consecutive patients (age 64+/-9 years, 74% male) scheduled for elective coronary surgery. The maximum QRS duration measured on a preoperative 12-lead ECG was recorded. Hemodynamic instability was defined as the occurrence of cardiac death, heart failure, or a need for intravenous inotropic drugs or intra-aortic balloon counterpulsation during the postoperative period. RESULTS The occurrence of hemodynamic instability (n=94, 46%) was associated with a longer preoperative QRS duration (97.5+/-21.14 ms vs 88.5+/-16.9 ms; P=.001). The QRS duration was also longer in patients who developed heart failure (n=23; 104.3+/-22.9 ms vs. 91.1+/-18.5 ms; P=.002), needed inotropic drugs (n=77; 96.5+/-20.5 ms vs. 90.1+/-18.2 ms; P=.007) or developed postoperative atrial fibrillation (n=58; 98.2+/-23.8 ms vs. 90.4+/-17.0 ms; P=.018). Bundle branch block was associated with a greater need for intra-aortic balloon counterpulsation (29% vs 12%; P=.012) or inotropic drugs (58% vs 35%; P=.014) and a higher incidence of hemodynamic instability (69% vs 42%; P=.006). Multivariate analysis identified the following independent predictors of hemodynamic instability: QRS duration (adjusted odds ratio [OR] per 10 ms=1.49; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.11-2; P=.007), the lack of an arterial graft (OR=3.6; 95% CI, 1.14-11.6; P=.029) and extracorporeal circulation time (OR per min=1.013; 95% CI, 1.003-1.023; P=.013). CONCLUSIONS The intraventricular conduction delay, or QRS duration, was associated with a higher risk of postoperative hemodynamic instability following coronary surgery.

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Cite this paper

@article{Leal2009QRSDA, title={QRS duration and early hemodynamic instability after coronary revascularization surgery.}, author={Jos{\'e} M Arribas Leal and Domingo A. Pascual-Figal and Miguel Ahumada Vidal and Francisco Mar{\'i}n Ortu{\~n}o and Francisco Guti{\'e}rrez Garc{\'i}a and Julio J Garc{\'i}a-Puente del Corral and Juan A Ruip{\'e}rez Abizanda and Gin{\'e}s Torres Mart{\'i}nez and Mariano Vald{\'e}s Ch{\'a}varri and Ram{\'o}n Arcas Meca}, journal={Revista española de cardiología}, year={2009}, volume={62 6}, pages={652-9} }