Q-switched versus free-running Er:YAG laser efficacy on the root canal walls of human teeth: a SEM study.


Twenty-one teeth with one root canal were prepared by the step-back technique, divided into three groups, and split longitudinally. Group A served as a control. In group B, 20 to 150 pulses of 100 micros, 30 to 70 mJ per pulse at 1 to 4 Hz from a free-running Er:YAG laser were applied to the root-canal dentin. In group C, the Q-switched Er:YAG laser, with… (More)


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