Pyruvate alleviates toxic effects of ethanol on cells in culture

@article{Fukaya1997PyruvateAT,
  title={Pyruvate alleviates toxic effects of ethanol on cells in culture},
  author={Ken-ichi Fukaya and Masahiro Miyazaki and Hong Pu and Bunji Katayama and Yusuke Inoue and Ryuichiro Ohashi and C Nakamura and Masayoshi Namba},
  journal={Archives of Toxicology},
  year={1997},
  volume={71},
  pages={651-654}
}
Abstract Cytotoxic effects of ethanol on cultured human hepatocytes and fibroblasts differed with the type of culture medium used. When cytotoxic effects of ethanol were compared between culture systems using either RPMI-1640 or Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium (DMEM), the cytotoxicity was more prominent with the former medium than with the latter. A reduction of the cytotoxic effects appeared to be due to the pyruvate contained in DMEM. The protective effect of pyruvate against ethanol… 
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