Pyrochlore photons: The U ( 1 ) spin liquid in a S = 1 2 three-dimensional frustrated magnet

  title={Pyrochlore photons: The U ( 1 ) spin liquid in a S = 1 2 three-dimensional frustrated magnet},
  author={Michael Hermele and Matthew P. A. Fisher and Leon Balents},
  journal={Physical Review B},
We study the $S=1/2$ Heisenberg antiferromagnet on the pyrochlore lattice in the limit of strong easy-axis exchange anisotropy. We find, using only standard techniques of degenerate perturbation theory, that the model has a $U(1)$ gauge symmetry generated by certain local rotations about the z axis in spin space. Upon addition of an extra local interaction in this and a related model with spins on a three-dimensional network of corner-sharing octahedra, we can write down the exact ground-state… 
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