Pygmalion in the classroom

@article{Rosenthal1968PygmalionIT,
  title={Pygmalion in the classroom},
  author={Robert W. Rosenthal and Lenore Jacobson},
  journal={The Urban Review},
  year={1968},
  volume={3},
  pages={16-20}
}
In 1965 the authors conducted an experiment in a public elementary school, telling teachers that certain children could be expected to be “growth spurters,” based on the students' results on the Harvard Test of Inflected Acquisition. In point of fact, the test was nonexistent and those children designated as “spurters” were chosen at random. What Rosenthal and Jacobson hoped to determine by this experiment was the degree (if any) to which changes in teacher expectation produce changes in… 

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References

Pygmalion in the Classroom: Teacher Expectation and Pupils' Intellectual Development
The 'Pygmalion phenomenon' is the self-fulfilling prophecy embedded in teachers' expectations. Simply put, when teachers expect students to do well and show intellectual growth, they do; when