Putting Polarization in Perspective

@inproceedings{Hetherington2009PuttingPI,
  title={Putting Polarization in Perspective},
  author={Marc J. Hetherington and Jonathan D. Weiler},
  year={2009}
}
Scholarly research has demonstrated rather conclusively that American political elites have undergone a marked partisan polarization over the past thirty years. There is less agreement, however, as to whether the American electorate is polarized. This review article evaluates the evidence, causes and consequences of polarization on both the elite and mass levels. A marked difference between the two is found. Elites are polarized by almost any definition, although this state of affairs is quite… Expand

Figures and Tables from this paper

The political consequences of elite and mass polarization
Is the American electorate ideologically polarized as its representatives are polarized in Congress? How ordinary citizens have responded to growing elite polarization? The goal of this dissertationExpand
How Elite Partisan Polarization Affects Public Opinion Formation
Competition is a defining element of democracy. One of the most noteworthy events over the last quarter-century in U.S. politics is the change in the nature of elite party competition: The partiesExpand
Affect, Not Ideology A Social Identity Perspective on Polarization
The current debate over the extent of polarization in the American mass public focuses on the extent to which partisans’ policy preferences have moved. Whereas "maximalists" claim that partisans’Expand
The Impact of Elite Polarization on Partisan Ambivalence and Indifference
Considerable evidence documents the impact that elite polarization has had on the influence of partisanship on vote choice and attitudes. Yet, much of the electorate remains moderate. This paperExpand
Partisan polarization and US foreign policy: Is the centre dead or holding?
Scholars generally agree that most congressional decision-making behaviour has become characterized by partisan polarization. One area to which this consensus does not extend, however, isExpand
Was There a Culture War? Partisan Polarization and Secular Trends in US Public Opinion
According to many scholars of public opinion, most of the fast-growing divides between Democrats and Republicans over the last few decades have taken place on moral issues. We find that the processExpand
A House Divided? Roll Calls, Polarization, and Policy Differences in the U.S. House, 1877–2011
The study of political conflict in legislatures is fundamental to understanding the nature of governance, but also difficult because of changes in membership and the issues addressed over time.Expand
Media and Political Polarization
This article examines if the emergence of more partisan media has contributed to political polarization and led Americans to support more partisan policies and candidates. Congress and some newerExpand
Partisans without Constraint: Political Polarization and Trends in American Public Opinion.
TLDR
The findings suggest that opinion changes correspond more to a resorting of party labels among voters than to greater constraint on issue attitudes: since parties are more polarized, they are now better at sorting individuals along ideological lines. Expand
Partisans without Constraint: Political Polarization and Trends in American Public Opinion1
Public opinion polarization is here conceived as a process of alignment along multiple lines of potential disagreement and measured as growing constraint in individuals' preferences. Using NES dataExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 18 REFERENCES
Issue Evolution, Political Parties, and the Culture Wars
Using the issue evolution framework, our research examines partisan polarization on several culture war issues, including pornography, environment, gun control, and gay civil rights. We look forExpand
Beyond the Running Tally: Partisan Bias in Political Perceptions
I examine the impact of long-term partisan loyalties on perceptions of specific political figures and events. In contrast to the notion of partisanship as a simple “running tally” of politicalExpand
Mr. Bush’s War: Foreign Policy in the 2004 Election
The 2004 election was one of the closest and most bitterly fought in recent years. Though George W. Bush won by the smallest margin for an incumbent since Woodrow Wilson, he nonetheless went from aExpand
Activists and Partisan Realignment in the United States
In this paper, we contend that party realignments occur due to the interaction of candidates and activists. We examine independent party candidates who are motivated primarily to win elections butExpand
Abortion: Evidence of an Issue Evolution
Theory: Using Carmines and Stimson's issue evolution model of partisan change, I argue that the abortion issue has transformed the two major United States political parties and that this processExpand
Procedural Polarization in the U.S. Congress
This article examines party polarization in Congress. It finds that almost the entire growth in party polarization since the early 1970s can be explained by the increased frequency of andExpand
Why Do Party Activists Convert? An Analysis of Individual-Level Change on the Abortion Issue
The conversion of continuing party activists to new policy positions plays an important role in the process of partisan change. Although a number of scholars have shown that conversion amongExpand
The Effect of Political Trust on the Presidential Vote, 1968–96
Scholars have consistently demonstrated that no link exists between declining political trust and declining turnout, but they have paid less attention to the effect of trust on vote choice. In an eraExpand
The New Videomalaise: Effects of Televised Incivility on Political Trust
Does incivility in political discourse have adverse effects on public regard for politics? If so, why? In this study we present a theory suggesting that when viewers are exposed to televisedExpand
The Republican Revolution and the House Appropriations Committee
This study applies the theory of "conditional party government" to the interaction between the Republican party and the Appropriations Committee in the 104th House, seen in the context ofExpand
...
1
2
...