Purification of the Fire Ant Trail Substance

@article{Walsh1965PurificationOT,
  title={Purification of the Fire Ant Trail Substance},
  author={CHRISTOPHER T. Walsh and John H. Law and Edward O. Wilson},
  journal={Nature},
  year={1965},
  volume={207},
  pages={320-321}
}
THE fire ant, Solenopsis saevissima (Fr. Smith), utilizes a trail substance as an aid in effective foraging1. Workers secrete a substance from the Dufour's gland which is deposited from the sting in the form of minute streaks. These mark a trail from a suitable food source to the nest. Workers are strongly attracted to this substance and follow the trail outward to the food source. The newly recruited workers in turn lay trails to the nest, reinforcing the original trail. The appropriate… 
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  • W. Hangartner
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    Zeitschrift für vergleichende Physiologie
  • 2004
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Its original function of egg-protective substance producing, or favoring the oviposition, appear to have been replaced or complemented in hymenopterans by the production of semiochemicals with function in communication.
Mercury Detoxification and Natural Product Synthesis: the Work of Christopher T. Walsh
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Christopher Thomas Walsh elucidation of the process by which bacteria detoxify mercury-containing molecules in the environment by cleaving carbon-mercury bonds and then reducing the mercuric salt to elemental mercury and is widely recognized for spurring a renaissance in natural product biosynthesis.
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References

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Source and Possible Nature of the Odor Trail of Fire Ants
Experimental evidence shows that the odor trail of the fire ant Solenopsis saevissima (Fr. Smith) is produced as a secretion of the accessory gland of the poison apparatus and released through the
The analysis of olfactory communication among animals.