Purification and kinetic characterization of recombinant alternative oxidase from Trypanosoma brucei brucei.


The trypanosome alternative oxidase (TAO) functions in the African trypanosomes as a cytochrome-independent terminal oxidase, which is essential for their survival in the mammalian host and as it does not exist in the mammalian host is considered to be a promising drug target for the treatment of trypanosomiasis. In the present study, recombinant TAO (rTAO) overexpressed in a haem-deficient Escherichia coli strain has been solubilized from E. coli membranes and purified to homogeneity in a stable and highly active form. Analysis of bound iron detected by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometer (ICP-MS) reveals a stoichiometry of two bound iron atoms per monomer of rTAO. Confirmation that the rTAO was indeed a diiron protein was obtained by EPR analysis which revealed a signal, in the reduced forms of rTAO, with a g-value of 15. The kinetics of ubiquiol-1 oxidation by purified rTAO showed typical Michaelis-Menten kinetics (K(m) of 338microM and V(max) of 601micromol/min/mg), whereas ubiquinol-2 oxidation showed unusual substrate inhibition. The specific inhibitor, ascofuranone, inhibited the enzyme in a mixed-type inhibition manner with respect to ubiquinol-1.

DOI: 10.1016/j.bbabio.2009.12.021

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@article{Kido2010PurificationAK, title={Purification and kinetic characterization of recombinant alternative oxidase from Trypanosoma brucei brucei.}, author={Yasutoshi Kido and Kimitoshi Sakamoto and Kosuke Nakamura and Michiyo Harada and Takashi Suzuki and Yoshisada Yabu and Hiroyuki Saimoto and Fumiyuki Yamakura and Daijiro Ohmori and Anthony Moore and Shigeharu Harada and Kiyoshi Kita}, journal={Biochimica et biophysica acta}, year={2010}, volume={1797 4}, pages={443-50} }