Ca2+-ATPase was isolated from plasma membranes of Ehrlich ascites mammary carcinoma cells by means of calmodulin affinity chromatography. The purification procedure included removal of endogenous calmodulin from a Triton X-100 solubilizate of the membranes by DEAE ion-exchange chromatography as an essential step. With respect to its molecular mass, activation by calmodulin, Ca2+-dependent phosphorylation and highly sensitive inhibition by orthovanadate, the purified enzyme resembles the Ca2+-ATPase of erythrocyte membranes. In contrast to the strong calmodulin dependence of the isolated enzyme the Ca2+-ATPase in native Ehrlich ascites carcinoma cell membranes cannot be remarkably stimulated by added calmodulin. It is suggested that the membrane-bound Ca2+-ATPase in the presence of Ca2+ is activated by interaction with endogenously bound calmodulin.