Pupil Size as Related to Interest Value of Visual Stimuli

@article{Hess1960PupilSA,
  title={Pupil Size as Related to Interest Value of Visual Stimuli},
  author={Eckhard H. Hess and James M. Polt},
  journal={Science},
  year={1960},
  volume={132},
  pages={349 - 350}
}
Increases in the size of the pupil of the eye have been found to accompany the viewing of emotionally toned or interesting visual stimuli. A technique for recording such changes has been developed, and preliminary results with cats and human beings are reported with attention being given to differences between the sexes in response to particular types of material. 

Topics from this paper

Changes in pupil size to visually presented words
The pupil response of 15 male and female Ss was recorded to four visually presented words. Sex differences were found in the pupil response, particularly in regard to response magnitude. Analysis ofExpand
The question of stimulus content and pupil size
Evidence indicated that dilation can be produced, even in the presence of increased luminance, provided the stimulus is sufficiently arousing or novel. The results from a second study failed toExpand
An investigation of the relationship between word stimuli and optical pupil size
An investigation was made of pupillary reactions to word stimuli presented both visually and auditorily. The ability to discriminate between groups on this basis was explored, together with theExpand
Pupillary responses in a pitch-discrimination task
Pupils were measured while observers made pitch judgments under the method of constant stimuli. A substantial dilation occurs immediately after the presentation of the comparison tone, and the sizeExpand
Visual Significance of Pupillary Response to an Auditory Task
TLDR
Errors in the visual task increased when the auditory task became more difficult and the increase was greater when the effects of pupillary dilation were blocked by an artificial pupil. Expand
Some Applications of Pupil Measurement
A new device that measures changes in pupil diameter while subjects view advertisements, packages, etc., offers promise of becoming a powerful tool for studying the interest-arousing qualities ofExpand
Spatial attention increases the pupillary response to light changes.
TLDR
Pupil size and attentional enhancement indicate that pupillometry is not only an index of retinal and brainstem function, but also an objective measure of complex constructs such as attention and its effects on sensory processing. Expand
Pupil Size Variation Related to Oral Report of Affective Pictures
Abstract The goal of the experiment was to establish pupil size variations while viewing and reporting 48 affective (IAPS) pictur es. The experiment consisted of 44 students. Pictures appeared on theExpand
The Eye Blink as Artifact in Pupillometric Research
Upon examination of pupillary recordings made at eight recordings per second during presentation of control and authority-related experimental stimuli, a significant difference in the number of eyeExpand
The relationship between pupil size and recognition threshold
Words representing a broad range of emotional connotation (taboo, pleasant, and unpleasant) were presented both pupilometricatly and tachistoseopically to college students. As predicted, aExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-7 OF 7 REFERENCES
Cold Spring Harbor Symposia Quant
  • Biol
  • 1957
Deevey, Survey of Biological Progress
  • 1949
Autonomic Regulations (Interscience
  • 1943
The Autonomic Nervous System (Lea and Febiger
  • 1929
Part of this work was carried out at the Perception Research Laboratory of McCann-Erickson
    The Percepto-Scope is manufactured by Perceptual Development Laboratories