Punished for their Good Deeds

  title={Punished for their Good Deeds},
  author={Mark Snyder and Allen M. Omoto and A. Lauren Crain},
  journal={American Behavioral Scientist},
  pages={1175 - 1192}
This research investigated the impact of AIDS-related stigma on the antecedents, experiences, and consequences stages of AIDS volunteerism. Coordinated cross-sectional and longitudinal field studies and laboratory analogs are reviewed and reveal that volunteers and nonvolunteers consider AIDS volunteerism more stigmatizing than other forms of volunteerism. Potential stigmatization also prevented nonvolunteers from helping an AIDS organization, whereas reports of actual stigmatization predicted… 
When Stigma-by-Association Threatens, Self-Esteem Helps: Self-Esteem Protects Volunteers in Stigmatizing Contexts
Drawing from theory and research on self-esteem as an important coping resource, we hypothesized that higher self-esteem would protect volunteers from the pernicious effects of stigma-by-association.
Exploring stigma by association among front-line care providers serving sex workers.
The findings suggest that stigma by association has an impact on staff health because it shapes both the workplace environment as well as staff perceptions of others' support.
The infection of bad company: stigma by association.
Support for this model was found across 3 studies that examined how explicit and implicit stigma-relevant attitudes moderate stigma-by-association effects, and when social relationships appeared coincidental only implicit attitudes moderated companion devaluation.
Psychosocial Characteristics and Experience of Discrimination and Stigmatization among Spouses of HIV/AIDS Infected Husbands: A Study from India
It was found that in almost all settings of life stigma and discrimination was seen, however the community reactions were comparatively lesser than in other settings.
AIDS-Related Stigma and Health Professionals in Puerto Rico.
The main objective of this study was to explore AIDS stigma manifestations among a sample composed of eighty health professionals and health profession students who participated in in-depth qualitative interviews.
Courtesy stigma: a hidden health concern among front-line service providers to sex workers.
It is concluded that courtesy stigma is an under-studied determinant of workplace health among care providers serving socially denigrated groups.
AIDS stigma in health services in the Eastern Caribbean.
Quasi-deductive content analysis revealed consonance with Western and Northern conceptualisations of AIDS stigma wherein stigma is enacted upon marginalized populations and reinforced through psycho-sociological processes comparing 'in' and 'out' groups.
Examining HIV/AIDS provider stigma: assessing regional concerns in the islands of the Eastern Caribbean
Results of a survey of persons associated with HIV/AIDS education, health care, and social service delivery in the Eastern Caribbean are described and reliable constructs were observed for warmth towards PLHA, comfort in association with them, tendencies to distance from or condemn them, beliefs in viral transmission myths, and perceived capacity to counsel effectively.
Volunteer stereotypes, stigma, and relational identity projects
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to seek to enhance the understanding of non-profit marketing and consumer identities by exploring volunteering as a form of symbolic consumption. Specifically,
Measuring HIV-related Stigma Among Chinese Service Providers: Confirmatory Factor Analysis of a Multidimensional Scale
A 17-item, 5-factor multidimensional HIV-related stigma scale was developed and validated using both exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis among 1,101 service providers in China.


Basic Research in Action
An increasingly important component of society's response to the AIDS epidemic is the involvement of volunteers in caring for persons with AIDS. To understand this social phenomenon, we employed
When We Observe Stigmatized and "Normal" Individuals Interacting: Stigma by Association
The stigmatization process might differ as a function of whether "marked" individuals are viewed within a context of other marked individuals or in the context of positively viewed "normals. "Several
GMHC volunteers and the challenges and hopes for the second decade of AIDS.
Data collected from volunteers at the close of this decade are presented to address concerns about how successfully an organization such as GMHC will be able to confront the challenging future of the epidemic.
Sustained helping without obligation: motivation, longevity of service, and perceived attitude change among AIDS volunteers.
  • A. OmotoM. Snyder
  • Psychology, Business
    Journal of personality and social psychology
  • 1995
A field study of 116 AIDS volunteers and a conceptual framework that identifies psychological and behavioral features associated with antecedents, experiences, and consequences of volunteerism indicate that dispositional helping influences satisfaction and integration but not duration of service.
AIDS, identity, and community : the HIV epidemic and lesbians and gay men
Preface - Gregory M Herek HIV and the Gay Male Community - Neal King One Clinician's Reflections over the Years Lesbians at Risk for HIV - Cynthia A Gomez The Unresolved Debate HIV/AIDS Prevention
Stress, social support, and the buffering hypothesis.
There is evidence consistent with both main effect and main effect models for social support, but each represents a different process through which social support may affect well-being.
Volunteerism and Society's Response to the HIV Epidemic
A remark able social phenomenon born of the HIV epidemic?AIDS volunteerism and its implications for each of these fronts.
Stigma; Notes On The Management Of Spoiled Identity
CONTENTS 1. Stigma and Social Identity Preliminary Conceptions The Own and the Wise Moral Career 2. Information Control and Personal Identity The Discredited and the Discreditable Social Information
Can functions be measured? A new perspective on the functional approach to attitudes.
This paper argues for the value of a reformulated and reoperationalized functional approach to attitudes. The development of two new procedures for directly assessing functions is described. First, a
Understanding and assessing the motivations of volunteers: a functional approach.
Evidence for predictive validity is provided by a laboratory study in which VFI motivations predicted the persuasive appeal of messages better when message and motivation were matched than mismatched, and by field studies in which the extent to which volunteers' experiences matched their motivations predicted satisfaction.