Pulsed fluoroscopy in ureteroscopy and percutaneous nephrolithotomy.


OBJECTIVE To assess the impact of pulsed fluoroscopy (PF) at a rate of 4 frames per seconds (fps) on the total fluoroscopy time during ureteroscopy (URS) and percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). METHODS A retrospective review of prospectively collected data was performed for consecutive patients undergoing URS and PCNL by a single surgeon between July… (More)
DOI: 10.1016/j.urology.2012.01.027

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