Pulsed Electromagnetic Fields Reduce Postoperative Interleukin-1&bgr;, Pain, and Inflammation: A Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study in TRAM Flap Breast Reconstruction Patients

@article{Rohde2015PulsedEF,
  title={Pulsed Electromagnetic Fields Reduce Postoperative Interleukin-1\&bgr;, Pain, and Inflammation: A Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study in TRAM Flap Breast Reconstruction Patients},
  author={Christine H. Rohde and Erin M. Taylor and Amanda Alonso and Jeffrey A. Ascherman and Krista L. Hardy and Arthur A. Pilla},
  journal={Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery},
  year={2015},
  volume={135},
  pages={808e–817e}
}
Background: Pulsed electromagnetic fields have been shown to reduce postoperative pain, inflammation, and narcotic requirements after breast reduction and augmentation surgical procedures. This study examined whether pulsed electromagnetic field therapy could produce similar results in patients undergoing unilateral transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous (TRAM) flap breast reconstruction, a significantly more complex and painful surgical procedure. Methods: In this double-blind, placebo… 

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