Pulse wave velocity and ankle brachial index in patients with Kawasaki disease

@article{Ooyanagi2004PulseWV,
  title={Pulse wave velocity and ankle brachial index in patients with Kawasaki disease},
  author={Reiki Ooyanagi and Shigeto Fuse and Hideshi Tomita and Motoki Takamuro and Norihisa Horita and Mitsuru Mori and Hiroyuki Tsutsumi},
  journal={Pediatrics International},
  year={2004},
  volume={46}
}
Abstract Background : Pulse wave velocity (PWV) and ankle brachial index (ABI) are a useful method to estimate atherosclerosis in adults, while a history of Kawasaki disease (KD) may be a risk factor for later atherosclerosis of systemic arteries. PWV and ABI in patients with a history of KD have not been reported. 
Carotid Intima-Media Thickness and Pulse Wave Velocity After Recovery From Kawasaki Disease
TLDR
The PWV in children who recovered from KD was higher than the control group, and long-term follow up is necessary in children after recovery from KD even if there is no abnormality in echocardiography.
Kawasaki disease and cardiovascular risk: a comprehensive review of subclinical vascular changes in the longer term
Studies of subclinical vascular changes post‐Kawasaki disease indicate that, in general, individuals with a history of coronary artery aneurysms have increased carotid intima–media thickness,
Pulse Wave Velocity in Kawasaki Disease
TLDR
A systematic review of clinical studies that focused on pulse wave velocity in patients with Kawasaki disease found the PWV of patients with KD, regardless of antecedent coronary artery lesions, was high relative to controls, even though their blood pressure appeared to be similar.
Echo-Doppler assessment of arterial stiffness in pediatric patients with Kawasaki disease.
TLDR
Arterial stiffness was increased in children with Kawasaki disease and there was no association between acute-phase KD coronary involvement and PWV, implying that patients with KD may be at increased cardiovascular risk in the future.
Relationship between carotid intima-media thickness and arterial stiffness in children after Kawasaki disease
TLDR
The increased carotid IMT in children after Kawasaki disease is associated with systemic arterial stiffness, and significant determinants of carotID IMT were identified by multivariate analysis.
Utility of arterial stiffness assessment in children
TLDR
Ass assessments and the effects of commonly prevailing chronic conditions on arterial health in children and currently available reference values for pulse wave velocity and augmentation index in healthy children are included.
The biophysical properties of the aorta are altered following Kawasaki disease.
  • L. Vaujois, F. Dallaire, +5 authors N. Dahdah
  • Medicine
    Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography : official publication of the American Society of Echocardiography
  • 2013
TLDR
Altered BPA after KD are detectible despite apparent resolution of acute vasculitis, and future directions toward determining multilevel and multilayer vascular impact, including vascular autonomous homeostasis, require thorough investigation.
Ankle-brachial pressure index: a simple tool for assessing cardiovascular risk in patients with systemic vasculitis.
TLDR
There is an increased prevalence of an abnormal ABPI in patients with systemic vasculitides implying an increased risk of cardiovascular disease.
Methods to evaluate arterial structure and function in children - State-of-the art knowledge.
TLDR
Ulasonographic measurement of carotid intima-media thickness and measurement of pulse wave velocity are highly reproducible methods applicable for both research and clinical practice with proved applicability for children aged ≥6 years or with height ≥120cm.
A simple method of measuring thoracic aortic pulse wave velocity in children: methods and normal values.
TLDR
Thoracic aortic PWV can be simply calculated from a routine echocardiogram, it is constant throughout childhood, and it may improve the assessment of left ventricular load.
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TLDR
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