Pulsatile tinnitus: a review of the literature and an unusual case of iatrogenic pneumocephalus causing pulsatile tinnitus.

@article{Xenellis2005PulsatileTA,
  title={Pulsatile tinnitus: a review of the literature and an unusual case of iatrogenic pneumocephalus causing pulsatile tinnitus.},
  author={John E Xenellis and Thomas P. Nikolopoulos and Dimitris Felekis and Antonios Tzangaroulakis},
  journal={Otology & neurotology : official publication of the American Otological Society, American Neurotology Society [and] European Academy of Otology and Neurotology},
  year={2005},
  volume={26 6},
  pages={1149-51}
}
BACKGROUND Pulsatile tinnitus is frequently attributed to identifiable and treatable causes, in contrast to the more common subjective non-pulsatile tinnitus. It usually originates from vascular structures as a result of either increased blood flow or lumen stenosis; atherosclerotic carotid or subclavian artery disease; arterial, venous, or arteriovenous… CONTINUE READING