Pulmonary vein variants predispose to atrial fibrillation: a case-control study using multislice contrast-enhanced computed tomography.

@article{Bittner2011PulmonaryVV,
  title={Pulmonary vein variants predispose to atrial fibrillation: a case-control study using multislice contrast-enhanced computed tomography.},
  author={Alex Bittner and Gerold Moennig and Ann Janine Vagt and Stephan Zellerhoff and Kristina Wasmer and Julia K{\"o}be and Christian Pott and Peter Milberg and Cristina Maria Sauerland and Johannes Wessling and Lars Eckardt},
  journal={Europace : European pacing, arrhythmias, and cardiac electrophysiology : journal of the working groups on cardiac pacing, arrhythmias, and cardiac cellular electrophysiology of the European Society of Cardiology},
  year={2011},
  volume={13 10},
  pages={
          1394-400
        }
}
AIMS Pulmonary veins (PV) play a pivotal role in atrial fibrillation (AF). Anatomical variants of PV have been described and related to a higher arrhythmogenic potential. The aim of this study was to compare the prevalence of PV variants and diameters of PV ostia in AF patients and controls. METHODS AND RESULTS Variants of PV were defined as right or left common ostia (RCO, LCO), a right middle or right top PV . A long common trunk (LCT) was defined as an LCO with a distance to the first… CONTINUE READING

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