Pulmonary toxicity after exposure to military-relevant heavy metal tungsten alloy particles.

@article{Roedel2012PulmonaryTA,
  title={Pulmonary toxicity after exposure to military-relevant heavy metal tungsten alloy particles.},
  author={Erik Q Roedel and Danielle E. Cafasso and Karen W M Lee and Lisa M. Pierce},
  journal={Toxicology and applied pharmacology},
  year={2012},
  volume={259 1},
  pages={74-86}
}
Significant controversy over the environmental and public health impact of depleted uranium use in the Gulf War and the war in the Balkans has prompted the investigation and use of other materials including heavy metal tungsten alloys (HMTAs) as nontoxic alternatives. Interest in the health effects of HMTAs has peaked since the recent discovery that rats intramuscularly implanted with pellets containing 91.1% tungsten/6% nickel/2.9% cobalt rapidly developed aggressive metastatic tumors at the… CONTINUE READING