Pulmonary-to-systemic blood flow ratio effects of sevoflurane, isoflurane, halothane, and fentanyl/midazolam with 100% oxygen in children with congenital heart disease.

@article{Laird2002PulmonarytosystemicBF,
  title={Pulmonary-to-systemic blood flow ratio effects of sevoflurane, isoflurane, halothane, and fentanyl/midazolam with 100% oxygen in children with congenital heart disease.},
  author={Tracy H Laird and Stephen A. Stayer and Shannon M. Rivenes and Mark B. Lewin and Emmitt D McKenzie and Charles D Fraser and Dean B. Andropoulos},
  journal={Anesthesia and analgesia},
  year={2002},
  volume={95 5},
  pages={1200-6, table of contents}
}
UNLABELLED The cardiovascular effects of volatile anesthetics in children with congenital heart disease have been studied, but there are limited data on the effects of anesthetics on pulmonary-to-systemic blood flow ratio (Qp:Qs) in patients with intracardiac shunting. In this study, we compared the effects of halothane, isoflurane, sevoflurane, and fentanyl/midazolam on Qp:Qs and myocardial contractility in patients with atrial (ASD) or ventricular (VSD) septal defects. Forty patients younger… CONTINUE READING

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