Pulmonary hemosiderosis in a child with cystic fibrosis.

  title={Pulmonary hemosiderosis in a child with cystic fibrosis.},
  author={Enrico Valletta and Marco Cipolli and G A Cazzola and Gianni Mastella},
  journal={Helvetica paediatrica acta},
  volume={43 5-6},
Two episodes of acute iron deficiency anemia with blood-stained sputum and symptoms of severe acute pulmonary exacerbation were observed in a child with cystic fibrosis (CF). Hemosiderin laden macrophages (siderophages) were repeatedly found in sputum and gastric juice, suggesting the coexistence of pulmonary hemosiderosis (PH). The possibility that pulmonary immune-mediated mechanisms characteristic of CF may have played a role in the development of PH is considered.