Pulmonary heart disease: The heart-lung interaction and its impact on patient phenotypes

  title={Pulmonary heart disease: The heart-lung interaction and its impact on patient phenotypes},
  author={Paul R. Forfia and Anjali Vaidya and Susan E. Wiegers},
  booktitle={Pulmonary circulation},
Pulmonary heart disease (PHD) refers to altered structure or function of the right ventricle occurring in association with abnormal respiratory function. Although nearly always associated with some degree of PH, the degree, nature, severity, and causality of PH in relation to the PHD is not necessarily linear and direct. Abnormal gas exchange is a fundamental underpinning of PHD, affecting pulmonary vascular, cardiac, renal, and neurohormonal systems. Direct and indirect effects of chronic… CONTINUE READING
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Echo ‐ Doppler scoring system identifies ‘ proportionate ’ and ‘ disproportionate ’ pulmonary hypertension in patients with chronic left heart disease and respiratory disease

  • V Prasanna, A Raina, J Arkles, A Opotowsky, S Kawut, K AkayaSmith
  • Am J Respir Crit Care Med
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