Pulmonary emphysema followed by pulmonary fibrosis of undetermined cause.

@article{Hiwatari1993PulmonaryEF,
  title={Pulmonary emphysema followed by pulmonary fibrosis of undetermined cause.},
  author={N Hiwatari and Sanae Shimura and Tamotsu Takishima},
  journal={Respiration; international review of thoracic diseases},
  year={1993},
  volume={60 6},
  pages={354-8}
}
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) and pulmonary emphysema (PE) have distinct clinical and pathological characteristics, and have been considered to be separate disorders. However, recent animal experiments have suggested that, with regard to their pathogenesis, the diseases have some features in common. However, there are no clinical data supporting this hypothesis. We report here 9 patients (all male, 67 +/- 2 years, mean +/- SE) who had PE followed by IPF. They were found among 152 PE… CONTINUE READING
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