AAGL Practice Report: Practice Guidelines for the Management of Hysteroscopic Distending Media: (Replaces Hysteroscopic Fluid Monitoring Guidelines. J Am Assoc Gynecol Laparosc. 2000;7:167-168.).
Hysteroscopy using 32% Dextran-70 in 10% dextrose (Hyskon) is a common outpatient procedure. We report a case of pulmonary edema and coagulopathy in a 38-year-old, 48 kg female who had hysteroscopy and removal of an endocervical polyp using 700 ml of Hyskon over a 2-hour period. Low percutaneous oxygen saturation (SpO2) and vaginal bleeding developed postoperatively. A vaginal hysterectomy was performed. The coagulation profile showed coagulopathy, which was treated with transfusions of fresh frozen plasma and platelets. The patient developed overt pulmonary edema following the hysterectomy and was treated with positive pressure ventilation. The pathophysiology for the development of pulmonary edema and coagulopathy is discussed. Recommended limits for Hyskon volumes and instillation times are emphasized, as is careful recording of these parameters.