Pulmonary atresia with ventricular septal defect, extremely hypoplastic pulmonary arteries, major aorto-pulmonary collaterals.


OBJECTIVE Among 63 patients with pulmonary atresia and ventricular septal defect (VSD), 10 patients with extreme hypoplasia of the pulmonary arteries (PA) (mean Nakata index 20.6 mm(2)/m(2)), but with confluent arteries and a diminutive main PA, and major aorto-pulmonary collaterals (MAPCAS), have been submitted to a 'rehabilitation' of the PA with several stages: (i) connection between RV and PAs, (ii) interventional catheterizations, (iii) complete correction with or without unifocalisation. We report here the results of this approach. METHODS The RV-PA connection was direct (nine cases) or with an homograft conduit (one case), done under normothermic cardiopulmonary by-pass in patients aged 4.9 months (range 0.1-18 months). Subsequently, six underwent interventional catheterizations (dilations and stents in the PA, MAPCAS occlusion by coils). Complete correction was done in seven patients (mean age 30 months, range 8-49). One patient is awaiting correction. RESULTS One patient died after the first stage. All patients having had the third stage had a satisfactory development of the PA, had a complete closure of the VSD and a satisfactory reconstruction of the PA bifurcation. There was one death of severe pulmonary infection 6 months after repair. All other patients have been followed by catheterization and/or echocardiograms. With a follow-up of 83+/-65 months, all patients are improved, 50% have no cardiac medications, none has residual shunt, RV/LV pressure ratio is 0.6 (range 0.3-1). CONCLUSIONS The strategy of 'rehabilitation' of PA allowing: (i) antegrade flow in the PA, (ii) interventional catheterizations, (iii) growth of the PA with possible angiogenesis, (iv) complete correction, is a logical approach to be undertaken in the young patient and is a valid alternative to strategies relying more on MAPCAS for pulmonary vascular supply. The therapeutic sequences depend upon the individual anatomy.

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@article{Mtras2001PulmonaryAW, title={Pulmonary atresia with ventricular septal defect, extremely hypoplastic pulmonary arteries, major aorto-pulmonary collaterals.}, author={Dominique R M{\'e}tras and Philippe M Chetaille and Bernard Kreitmann and Alain Fraisse and Olivier Y Ghez and Alberto Rib{\'e}ri}, journal={European journal of cardio-thoracic surgery : official journal of the European Association for Cardio-thoracic Surgery}, year={2001}, volume={20 3}, pages={590-6; discussion 596-7} }